- Canada took a big step toward autonomy. The U.S. took a whole different path then Canada. Canada
gained autonomy by taking steady steps during and after the war.
- Canada had gained a new sense of maturity because of Canada's major contibution to the war. Canada
was given the right to sign the treaty of Versailled on it's own. They also joined the League of Nations as a seperate nation
from Britain. They were still a Dominion with the British Empire though.
- Mackenzie was determined to push for Canadian autonomy. A series of events happened in the next
few years that gave him the opportunities he needed.
1922 The Chanak Affair
- Chanak was a small town on the strait which linked Aegan and the Black Seas.
- Turkey threatened to take control of that area.
- Britain sent battle ships and troops, they also asked Canada to help them if war broke out.
- Canadians were becoming isolationists. They didn't want to be in the war. But when Britain declared
war, Canada stood beside it automatically.
- King made it clear that Canada must from now on make its own foreign policy. Canada and Britain
had different views about it.
1923 The Halibut Treaty
- Canada and the U.S. made an agreement about the fishing season for halibut. King said that only
the reprentatives from Canada and the U.S. should sign the treaty because Britain used to sign it on behalf of Canada.
- Canada won the right to sign treaties on its own.
1926 The King-Byng Crisis
- Governor General Julian Byng said no to dissolve Parliament and call an election when King
- King accused Byng of ignoring the advice of the elected government.
- King was determined to become the new governor general.
1926 The Balfour Report
- King wanted to talk about the powers of the Dominions and how their relationship is with each
other and Britain.
- A new relationship was summarized in the Balfour Report. Canada and other Dominions became their
- But they agreed to stay a part of a new Commonwealth of Nations, which means that they would be
equal in status and united by their own allegiance to the British Monarch.
- The governor general would be the representative of the Crown in Canada, not the agent of the
British government. King said that the Canadian government should communicate directly with the British government. They
would no longer talk to Britain through the gonvernor general.
1927/28 New Foreign Embassies
- Canada opened its own embassy in the U.S.
- Vincent Massey became Canada's first foreign diplomat.
- Later on, Canadian embassies were open in France and Belgium.
1931 The Statute of Westminister
- The British Parliment passed on the Statute of Westminister. It made the recommendations of the
Balfour Report Law.
- Canada was able to self-govern itself without any other laws then its own.
- But there was still a court that was higher then the Supreme Court of Canada and that was the
Judicial Commitee of the Privy Council in Britain. The power of amending the British North America Act was still the responsibilty
of the British Government.
- But that would soon end when the Canadians agreed on the powers to be held by the provincial and
- Canada gained complete autonomyby 1931.