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Roaring Twenties

Canadian Culture
Politics and Regional Protests
Foreign Investment
Canada's Growing Autonomy
Canadian Culture
20 Questions for the Twenties
Interesting facts
Veterans and Social Support
Fads, Fashions, & American Influences
Women in the 1920s
Economic Development Of Canada
Post-War Problems
Aboriginal Political Movements
Twenties Talk
Labour Unrest
Important People

What was Canadian Culture like in the 1920s?

-Popular moves, music, dance, fashion were dominated by American influences
-Canadians were becoming more concerned with creating distinctively Canadian art
-Group of seven were some of these Canadians
-Lawren Harris,J.E.H MacDonald,Franklin Carmichael, Frank Johnson, Arthur Lismer, Fred Varley, A.Y Jackson.

-A.J Cason, Edwin Holgate, and LeMoine FitzGerald were soon admitted into the group.


-By the 1920s the group was established as a force in Canadian art, and the members began to move away from the Northern Ontario lakes, rocks, and woods that first caught their eye.
-Jackson took an extended sketching trip through Europe. Harris went East, sketching the slums of Halifax. MacDonald went to the Nova Scotia coast. Lawren Harris was in the Rockies and soon after in the Artic.They did individual paintings of these areas.
-The Group of seven endured some harsh criticism because of their unique painting styles.
-More Canadian artists focused on Canadian themes, magazines, and journals
-Organizations were formed to promote them
-Emily Carr was by the late twenties realizing her own vision of the land in a fashion that won increasing acclaim.
-Carr became the first woman to gain national and international recognition for her painting.
-Later on, she also won fame for her writing.
-She studied art in San Francisco and London, and then moved to Vancouver Island, where she lived a strange, solidarity life until she was introduced to the group of seven
-She spent months in the woods, living with natives on the Queen Charlotte Islands or journeying up the Skeena and Nass rivers in B.C.
-Other artists who were creating distinctively Canadian art at the time were David Milne (a Toronto artist), James Wilson Morrice, Clarence Gagnon, Prudence Heward, Sarah Robinson, and Ann Savage along with many other painters who were regular habitués of Maurice Cullen’s beaver hall studio in Montreal.
-More art schools opened in cities across the country
-People bought and read poetry and fiction by Canadian writers at this time as well.
-Ralph Connor wrote more than 30 novels that had vast world-wide sales because of their Canadian locales.
-Stephen Leacock was a professor, and the best loved humorist in the world.
-Lily Adams Beck produced a flood of historical romances such as “The Divine Lady”.
-Mazo de la Roche produced several novels (“Jalna”) and won the Atlantic Monthly’s $10,000 prize in 1927.
-Many writers wrote about Canadian culture such as the social problems generated from the dramatic shift in the population from country to city
-1921-Canadian Authors' Association was founded to back Canadian writers
-At this time Canada also had a few of its own magazines that expressed Canadian Culture. These included Canadian Forum, Time, Film Fun, Motion Picture, and Popular Science. Greyhound Bus advertisements were also around at the time.

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