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Roaring Twenties

Labour Unrest
Politics and Regional Protests
Foreign Investment
Canada's Growing Autonomy
Canadian Culture
20 Questions for the Twenties
Interesting facts
Veterans and Social Support
Fads, Fashions, & American Influences
Women in the 1920s
Economic Development Of Canada
Post-War Problems
Aboriginal Political Movements
Twenties Talk
Labour Unrest
Important People

These were some of the problems faced by workers after the end of the war, and what workers did to fight for better working conditions...

Labour Unrest
- The end of the war had caused problems for workers.
- The women that had worked in the soldiers places during the war had to go back to house work, so the soldiers could have their jobs back.
- Some jobs had disappeared and some jobs didn't need any new workers, so it was hard to find a new job.
- Veterans felt that they deserved their jobs back so they could make an honest living.
-  During the war, the price for necessities had increased and the wages that the workers were getting wasn't enough.
- Workers and soldiers were told that the war was fought to make a better world, so now they expect to get a large share of economic benefits and more control.
- Thousands of people joined unions to fight for better working conditions.
- Labour law did not compel employers to bargain with employee representatives.
- There was only one way for workers to get what they wanted and that was to strike.
- Employers could get injunctions, which are orders from the court that forbid a strike and send the workers back to their jobs.
- They also brought in strikebreakers and sent the strikers away with no jobs or wages.
- Union membership climbed and labour unrest went across Canada in 1918-1919.

Results of the strike
1) Leaders were arrested and sentenced to jail terms
2) Many people would never recover from their finacial losses
3) Some workers were forced to sign yellow-dog contracts ( stated they would not join unions or be apart of union activities)
4) Other workers found they had no jobs to return to
5) OBU was doomed with the collapse of the strike
6) Biterness between employers & employees
7) July 1919- criminal code was changed again
1) Thinking citizens began to appreciate how important workers were to the community
2) The strike drew attention to the social and economic problems faced by working people
Labour Leaders in Canada:
-Labour leaders became more involved with politics after the strike
-In the Manitoba election of 1920 -4 strike leaders were elected to the provincial government while still in prison
-Others served as councillors or student trustees
-J.S Woodsworth became MP for Winnipeg North centre, and became the first leader of the co-opperative commonwealth Federation (CCF)
-A.A Heaps was elected to parliament in 1925

One Big Union
- The Bolsheviks from Russia called for a revolution by workers around the world.
- They had an idea that communities should be able to control the producing and distributing of goods. Union leaders and workers agreed with them.
- Employers and government officials were worried that workers were going to start a revolution.
- Western Canada had a meeting with all of the Union leaders in that area in Calgary to make sure that police agents were going to be there to monitor events, and during that meeting they decided that workers had to join together to improve the conditions.
- They reloved to make One Big Union which brought unskilled and skilled workers together.
- They believed that if they stood together, they would be able to make the employers raise their wages and make shorter working hours.
Winnipeg General Strike

  In July 1919, thousands of workers in city of Winnipeg went on strike. They went on strike to achieve better wages, eight hour days and better working conditions. Almost all main industries were set down by strikes in Winnipeg.
Bloody Saturday
- June 21st
- protested the arrest against there leaders 
- 1 police officer died and many others were injured

Go to Politics and Regional Protests

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