-The banning of the production,import,and transportation of liquor across the Canada.
-Introduced by Federal Government in 1918 in every province,except Quebec
-Alcohol consumption was reduced by as much as 80%.
Some influencing Factors:
- Women's Christian Temperance Union had campaigned for a ban on liquor
-The group was supported by farmers,church,logde,and merchant associations
-During the war the campaign gained momentum
1) It was pointed out that grain should be used to feed soldiers and civilians instead of making alcohol
2) The production of liquor did nothing to support war effort
3) Workers were needed to produce necessary war supplies
prohibition was a law that banned the production, distribution, transportation,
at no time during the prohibition was alcohol unavailable.
-Created new kind of crime " Bootlegging" Bootleg booze (selling illegal liquor)
-Speakeasies sprang up
-Druggists did a roaring business by filling prescriptions of alchohol as a tonic
-Canadians smuggled liquor South of the border-"Rumrunners"or
-they would use
speedboats, sleighs with jingling bells, hearses, cars, trucks and go on snowshoes to smuggle. Later on fleet aircrafts were
-it was estimated
that close to a million dollars worth of booze reached Detroit from Windsor each month in this fashion.
- this “business” provided lucrative employment for 1000s of citizens
-For use of vessels,
vessel owners received from $100-$120 per day. And captains received $500 per month.
In addition bonuses were paid for successful landing of cargo
- Some pilots in
Ontario lost interest in dangerous barn-storming and flying of mail when they
discovered they could make $300 by delivering a single payload of alcohol.
-Customs on American
side often turned a blind eye for money, while fast patrol boats of the U.S coast guard did not.
- The Bronfman brothers
–Sam and Harry were known as “kingpins” of booze.
- They organized
and guaranteed supply in Canada.
Canadian pure drug company in Yorkton, Saskatchewan as
a front for their booze-smuggling operation.
- In a couple of
years they were multi-millionaires.
the most popular
tonic in land and one recommended for the widest range of symptoms was Scotch Whiskey.
-on prairies, distilleries
were still permitted to make drinking alcohol for non-drinking purposes: scientific, mechanical, medicinal, industrial, or
allowed to import whiskey under bond, theoretically for trans-shipment to foreign destinations.
- Independent operators
made alcohol in jerry-built stills in barns, chicken coops and cellars across the nation.
-this was known
as “Bathtub gin” or “moonshine”.
“Speakeasies”, “Blind pigs” were American slang terms for illegal liquor sources. Canadians soon adopted
these terms as well.
- Liquor in illegal
drinking places was costly.
- liquor was sold
to bootleggers for about 5 or 6 dollars a bottle, and they usually let it go for 8 or 9 dollars.
-By the shot, the
$ of liquor ranged from 50 cents up to a dollar or more depending on the quality of the booze and class of the bar.
-the good stuff
was hard to find.
- To make more alcohol,
operators would add water which diluted alcohol.
-usually there was
more water than alcohol.
got chemicals or wood alcohol and sometimes they went blind or died as a result.
led to illegal buying off goods (smuggled across border, no tax).
-Crime rate dropped and arrests for drunkeness decreased dramatically
-arrests for drunkenness dropped by 93%.
-More workers took their paychecks home instead of to the tavern (spending it on alcohol)
-Family savings accounts doubled.
-wives and children were no longer beaten so frequently.
-Industrial efficiency improved because fewer work days were missed
of the early twenties brought a host of new problems for governments and supporting prohibition became a lesser concern.
-Government realized prohibition was impossible to enforce
-Provincial governments realized they were losing millions of $ in potential
taxes on liquor sales
wanted government controlled liquor outlets.
-powerful pressure groups such as veterans organizations pushed
-Individual provinces dropped prohibition throughout the 1920s
-PEI -last province-1948