-The radio was the great communication invention of the 1920s.
-Radio signals across Canada could now broadcast voices, news, weather, bible readings, soap operas, crime
and western dramas, comedy and variety, coverage on major sports, advertising for businesses and music.
-People in the remotest areas of Canada were no longer isolated and were brought in contact with other cities
of the nation.
-The radio was affordable to both rich and the poor.
-The first Radio broadcast : May 20th, 1920, Montreal station XWA (later became CFCF). It relayed
a musical programme to a meeting of Royal society in Ottawa.
-1922- Over 30 canadian radio stations were in some stage of operation and swelled to 91 by mid-decade.
-In Halifax- Marconi set up a small broadcasting station, in Toronto the Daily Star set up their own station,
and there were stations in Edmonton and Regina.
-Radio stations were extremely crude and jerry-built.
-Radio station consisted of: coils of wire stuck in soap boxes, taped connections, switches, "dishpan" mikes,
Alice-in-Wonderland antennas of shaky masts, stays and braces, and technicians who wrote rules even as they made broadcasting
-Broadcasts were not pre-recorded and were unreheased and amateurish.
-Radio stations became more efficient overtime and boosted transmitting power to cover larger and larger
-The earliest home radio sets were operated by moving a fine wire called a "whisker" over the surface
of a crystal.
-Earphones were needed because the sound was not loud.
-People in families would often take turns sharing the earpiece in order to get their turn listening.
-The person who was listening often communicate what was going on to others.
-More expensive radio sets appeared in stores after long. They were built in elaborate wooden cabinets,
tubes replaced the crystal and whisker, and speakers replaced earphones. They operated by large batteries that had to be recharged
-The radio craze swept the country and the great demand for recievers far exceeded supply.
-The Edmonton journal and other newspapers ran articles on how to build a do-it-yourself set for under $3.
-In 1923 there had been less than 10,000 radio sets in Canada, but by the end of the decade there were 300,000.
-The reason why so many people were buying radios was because they felt more free to spend their earnings
in this time of economic prosperity.
-The radio was competition for the newspaper.
-The Radio brought Canada and the U.S together.
-Canadians listened to more American programs than their own domestic programs.
-This was partly due to geography and the availability of many U.S. signals. Canadians also claimed American
radio offered them more choices. The small, generally low-powered domestic stations in Canada were unable to compete.
-One notable exception -- hockey.
-Hockey games were the most popular radio programs of the period within Canada. They began in 1923 with
Foster Hewitt. Within a decade, Saturday night hockey broadcasts became a nationwide tradition.
-1929- government took ownership of all radio in Canada.
-The federal government collected an annual $1 for each recieving set.
-1929- the first wireless message was recieved in Edmonton.
Important people involved with Radio:
*Gugliemo Marconi- he was the inventor of the first wireless radio, set up the first commercial radio station
in Toronto in 1919.
* Ted Rogers- In 1924/1925 he discovered a way of plugging the radio directly into household electric
current, he invented the word's first battery-less radio (sold for $150), set up his own radio station in Toronto (1927).
*Foster Hewitt- Canadian broadcaster for Hockey night in Canada.
*Henry Thorton-president of Canadian National railways decided to install radio recievers on his trains
to attract customers.